News ID : 151044
Publish Date : 9/12/2023 1:00:29 PM
G20; Another sign of rising diversion

G20; Another sign of rising diversion

The divergences between developed and developing countries remain unsolved on the climate change issue, and it is unlikely that developed Western countries will fulfill their promises in the future.

NOURNEWS- The G20 Summit held in India on Saturday eventually adopted a joint declaration with very basic solidarity and a neutral stance on the Ukraine crisis without any condemnation of Russia and its special military operation in Ukraine, which caused rising divergences among members and has attracted fierce criticism of Kyiv towards this summit.

While the G20 is still an important multilateral mechanism for global governance, despite the group facing more dangers of dysfunction due to complicated struggles among major powers and the obvious attempts of the US to stay in control of the world order and the Western hegemony.

During the summit, leaders of the G20 reaffirmed their commitment to international economic cooperation and pledged to take concrete steps to foster global growth. In a declaration announced on the opening day of the two-day annual summit, G20 leaders said they would act in concrete ways through partnerships to accelerate strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth.

Chinese Premier Li Qiang said at the third session of the 18th G20 Summit on Sunday that the world is undergoing a difficult period of complex and volatile development, and as the difficulties intensify, there is an increasing need to strengthen confidence and enhance expectations for the future, take a long-term view and actively respond to difficulties and challenges. G20 members should play an exemplary role, start with specific matters and strive to do well in the present, Li said. Noting that the most urgent issue is development, Li pointed out that the G20 members should place development at the center of macro-policy coordination.

No condemnation against Russia

The joint declaration this year shows no clear criticism and direct condemnation against any country over the Ukraine crisis, which is different from the one in 2022:

“Concerning the war in Ukraine, while recalling the discussion in Bali, we reiterated our national positions and resolutions adopted at the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly,” the declaration read, noting that “In line with the UN Charter, all states must refrain from the threat or use of force to seek territorial acquisition against the territorial integrity and sovereignty or political independence of any state. The use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is inadmissible.”

The joint declaration at the summit in Bali, Indonesia 2022 said: “Most members strongly condemned the war in Ukraine and stressed it is causing immense human suffering and exacerbating existing weaknesses in the global economy… There were other views and different assessments of the situation and sanctions. Recognizing that the G20 is not the forum to resolve security issues, we acknowledge that security issues can have significant consequences for the global economy.”

This year’s joint declaration shows a very basic consensus among the G20 members, and it also proves that the power of developing countries and non-Western economies in this multilateral mechanism for creating a multilateral world is rising, as they are able to preserve neutrality as a joint stance of the G20, preventing the said mechanism from being completely controlled and hijacked by Western narratives and positions such as one-sided condemnation of Russia or turning into a tool such as UN and other international institutes for imposing western countries’ will against other countries.

The declaration in Indonesia included the tough words that the West wanted to include, but the facts prove that these words were not helpful at all for the political settlement of the Ukraine crisis or any other crises, due to West’s unrealistic and selfish policy on the crisis, peace efforts are in difficulties, and the bloodshed and conflict in Ukraine are still far from over.

And, the true agenda of the West regarding these self-created crises is to reign as the unilateral leader of the world, this fact is evident in the US’s support of Ukraine and the ongoing bloodshed in the midst of America’s rising crises such as the Maui infamous wildfire, Florida’s hurricane, New York’s immigration crisis and so on.

Multilateralism is on the World’s agenda

According to the declaration, the leaders said they would better integrate the perspectives of developing countries into the future G20 agenda and strengthen the voice of developing countries in global decision-making.

Welcoming the African Union (AU) as a permanent member of the G20, the group said it strongly believes the AU's inclusion will significantly contribute to addressing global challenges. The leaders reaffirmed their commitment to strengthening their ties with and support to the AU and reiterated their strong support of Africa.

Established in 1999, the G20 is a central forum for international cooperation on financial and economic issues. It comprises 19 countries plus the EU, and now the AU, which was included in the group on Saturday.

Although the AU was formally included at the G20 Summit in India, the result reflects the efforts of all developing countries in the group, and with the participation of the AU, the multilateral mechanism formed by the top economies of the world would be more representative.

As a side note, we must mention the member states of BRICS also want to conclude AU in the bloc, and BRICS and BRICS + as a whole is another sign of the world’s determination to create a new world order based on freedom, justice, multilateralism, and fair opportunity for all the countries not just the developed countries or Western countries.

India's progression in the as a key player in the new world order

It is noteworthy to say, India has gained a lot from being the host of the summit this year, as it has made itself “highly attractive” in the international arena, as India is a country that is being courted by both the West and Russia. A successful G20 Summit will reinforce the rule of Modi and his Bharatiya Janata Party in India.

India also represents those developing countries who do not want to take sides between the West and Russia on the Ukraine crisis, and also do not want to be forced to take sides when the US has launched all-out containment against China or any other independent country. However, India's national strength and economic size are still not enough to realize its ambition to be the leader of the Global South.  

Key for global convergence and governance

“Cascading crises have posed challenges to long-term growth,” the group warned in the declaration, stressing that G20 cooperation is essential in determining the course the world takes.

Chinese Premier Li Qiang said on Sunday that the need to establish more practical cooperation mechanisms, take concrete actions and support developing countries in better addressing development challenges such as poverty reduction, fundraising, climate change and food and energy security.

According to the joint declaration, the group said they would speed up the full and effective implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and scale up financing from all sources for accelerating progress on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

President of Brazil Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva said at the summit that a lack of commitment to the environment prevails in the world, leading to an unprecedented climate emergency.

He stated that since the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP) in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 2009, rich countries should have provided $100 billion a year in new and additional climate finance to developing countries, but that promise was never fulfilled, the Latin American News Agency reported on Saturday.

This shows that the divergences between developed and developing countries remain unsolved on the climate change issue, and it is unlikely that developed Western countries will fulfill their promises in the future.

BY: Homayoun Barkhor


first name & last name