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Why is the United States avoiding accepting the priorities of the negotiations?
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Why is the United States avoiding accepting the priorities of the negotiations?

The two issues of "sanctions" and "nuclear commitments" are not of equal value, because the illegal US move to withdraw from the JCPOA and reinstate sanctions, which in fact violated its obligations under the JCPOA, has created a complex situation today.

NOURNEWS - Today, Wednesday, December 1, the third day of the new round of Vienna talks between the representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the P4+1 group, is being held.

After the inaugural meeting, which was held on Monday in the presence of the leaders of the groups present in Vienna and with the agenda of determining the "principles and foundations of dialogue", the meetings continued yesterday, Tuesday, November 29, at the level of experts, and following the Iranian delegation's reasoned insistence on prioritizing the lifting of sanctions, the Working Group on Lifting Sanctions also convened a meeting.

At this meeting, the Iranian delegation, while reiterating its serious determination to conduct professional negotiations with the aim of achieving a result, presented its demands in a categorized and specific manner and advised other delegations to actively and constructively provide solutions and offer to pay.

Although the Working Group on Nuclear Commitments will also meet today, the main focus of the talks remains on sanctions, and most of the teams and their energy are focused on the issue of sanctions, and consultations will continue intensively.

Obviously, real valuation of the negotiating axes is the main way to quickly reach a good agreement, and any action taken outside this framework is practically a basis for deviating from the path of reaching an agreement.

Before the start of the new round of talks on November 29, the Americans made an organized effort to establish the keyword "reciprocal return to JCPOA commitments" as the dominant literature in the media space, and now they are stubbornly pursuing the same strategy.

It is very clear that the Americans' insistence on pursuing this path will pave the way for the negotiations to deviate from a constructive and forward-looking path.

In the meantime, the role of the European delegations in shaping the logical course of the negotiations is very important, provided that they do not, as in the past, seek unconditional obedience to the United States and strive for independent initiatives.

The point is that, by no means, do the two issues of "sanctions" and "nuclear commitments" equate to each other, because the US illegal withdrawal from the JCPOA and the reinstatement of sanctions, which in effect violated its obligations under the JCPOA, have created a complex situation today.

A White House spokesman said today, our focus is still on the reciprocal return to adherence to the JCPOA, indicating that the United States does not yet have a clear understanding of the situation and continues to pursue its idea of ​​a free return to the JCPOA.

However, one year after Washington's withdrawal from the JCPOA, Iran did not stop fulfilling its obligations in order to prove its good faith, and the step-by-step reduction of Iran's obligations by the JCPOA after one year was based on Articles 26 and 36 of the JCPOA, so Iran has so far not taken any action contrary to its obligations.

Of course, although the United States' excessive ambitions and efforts to create a psychological atmosphere about Iran's nuclear activities continue, there is no legal or logical reason for Iran to support this US approach.

The acceptance of this fact by the negotiating parties and the collective effort to force the United States to accept the accepted principles of negotiation, the first step of which is to show good faith and accept the mistakes of the past, could impose new conditions on the Vienna talks.

Concerned signals from US officials that the United States has not committed to a possible deal in recent days and that attempts to destabilize and threaten the Vienna talks are clear signs that the governing body is hesitant to reach an agreement and certainly cannot be considered as a sign of goodwill.

Although the negotiating delegations in Vienna have so far, at least in part, affirmed Iran's right to make demands for the lifting of sanctions and the provision of sufficient guarantees by the United States, this condition is not met until sufficient and achievable initiatives are taken, it cannot persuade the main violator of the JCPOA, the United States, to take a rational and legal approach to fulfill its obligations.

According to this; Ifhe opeans are really strong enough to act independently of the White House and really want to reach an effective agreement, they will not shy away from pressuring the United States to accept the principles of a professional, result-oriented negotiation.

BY: Mohammad Ghaderi


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