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Has the role of Russia and China changed in recent negotiations?
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Has the role of Russia and China changed in recent negotiations?

China and Russia have long felt that the Iranian government sees them as a means to improve their relations with the West, and have made this clear in meetings with Iranian officials since the JCPOA.

NOURNEWS - The new negotiation process between Iran and the P4+1 continues its third round in Vienna, with many changes over the past, both in the negotiations leading up to the UN General Assembly and in the six rounds of talks before the election of the 13th government.

One of the most important changes in the current negotiations is the change in the role of Russia and China and their positive and supportive role towards Iran, according to Mohammad Javad Zarif in an audio file released before the recent presidential election. It had a different image during the JCPOA negotiations.

"Russia did its best in the last week of the JCPOA talks to prevent JCPOA from reaching a conclusion, and as you can see in that famous photo, there is no Russian foreign minister," Zarif said in that interview. "The Russians did not think that JCPOA would succeed."

If we consider the words of the former foreign minister, which he never denied, to be true, we must admit that the role and function of Moscow and Beijing in the new negotiations have undergone many changes.

Admittedly, at least in terms of official positions, Russia's support is greater than China’s, part of which is naturally related to the principles of Beijing's relatively conservative foreign policy.

To understand why the Sino-Russian approach to the current negotiations is changing, at least three main reasons must be considered:

First; Russia and China have been plagued by US sanctions over the past six years and want to seize the opportunity to establish the "failure of US sanctions" policy in the minds of the world.

Certainly, the success of China and Russia in this area will have significant political benefits for them and will seriously strengthen their position in balance with the United States.

Second; Iran has largely allayed the two countries' non-proliferation concerns by paving the way for their participation in its peaceful nuclear activities, and by cooperating with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) within the framework of safeguards, removing any ambiguity about the possibility of a diversion of Iran's nuclear program. Practically eliminated.

Third; The establishment of the 13th government and serious interaction with these two countries and the creation of belief in Beijing and Moscow that the 13th government's approach to cooperation with the East is serious and real has encouraged them to work closely with Iran.

The point is that; China and Russia have in the past felt that the Iranian government sees them as a means of improving their relations with the West, and have made this clear in meetings with Iranian officials since the JCPOA, but the current situation and the policies and policies of the 13th administration have changed.

The completely different media approach taken by the Russian representative to the talks, Ulyanov, who has become virtually the unofficial spokesman for the Vienna Court, shows that Russia insists, through him, on exposing its constructive and supportive role in advancing the negotiations and reaching an agreement.

It is clear that in the framework of the strategic vision of cooperation with the East, while using the capacity of Russia and China to advance the negotiations and reach a good agreement and protect their national interests, Iran has the opportunity to further strengthen new relations with the Middle East powers. Will use the basis of the definition of common and long-term interests.


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